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19th C. Tibetan Woodblock Monastery Hanging Antique Textile Art. A very large woodblock Stupa and Mandala print.
Tibetan Buddhist Stupas generally represent the enlightened mind of the Buddha. They were constructed since the early days of Buddhism. One of the symbolic meanings is that they represent the five elements: the square base represents earth, the round dome is for water, the cone-shape is fire, the canopy is air and the volume of the stupa is space.
The Buddhist Mandala symbolizes the entire universe in terms of planets and time cycles, as well as aspects of our body and mind, and even the practice. Deities and other images within the mandala represent for example the sense organs, the elements and mental aspects, all in a purified state.